Reise-Informationen zu Salomon Inseln: Aktuelle Meldungen, Impfempfehlungen, Malariasituation, Gesundheitsrisiken und wichtige Adressen. Die Inselbewohner der Salomonen nennen ihre Heimat einfach „die glücklichen Inseln“. Mit einer Fläche von qkm sind die Solomon Islands die größte. Die Salomon-Inseln oder Salomonen sind eine südöstlich von Neuguinea gelegene Inselgruppe im Südpazifik. Der gegründete Inselstaat Salomonen umfasst nur den größten Teil der Inselgruppe.
Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen AmtsVon Honiara, der Hauptstadt der Salomonen auf der Insel Guadalcanal, heißt es, dass sich ihre Schönheit den Besuchern nicht auf den ersten. Die Salomonen ([zaloˈmoːnən], amtlicher deutscher Name; engl. Solomon Islands, auch Salomoninseln) sind ein Inselstaat in der Südsee. Die Inselgruppe. Auf den Inseln Guadalcanal einschließlich der Hauptstadt Honiara und Malaita besteht die Gefahr von kriminellen Übergriffen und Diebstählen.
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Salomon-Inseln. - Salomon InselnSie haben noch kein Konto? Früher waren die Instrumente noch aus Bambus, aber Plastik hat sich offenbar als viel musikalischer erwiesen. Autovermietung Flugsuche Restaurantreservierungen Booking. Die Inselgruppe ist von den Strömen des internationalen Tourismus bislang derart unberührt geblieben, Gauselmann Mitarbeiter Angebote Besucher und Einheimische sich ziemlich hilflos gegenüberstehen. Es bestehen jedoch derzeit keine internen Bewegungseinschränkungen. Die Salomon-Inseln oder Salomonen sind eine südöstlich von Neuguinea gelegene Inselgruppe im Südpazifik. Der gegründete Inselstaat Salomonen. Die Salomon-Inseln oder Salomonen sind eine südöstlich von Neuguinea gelegene Inselgruppe im Südpazifik. Der gegründete Inselstaat Salomonen umfasst nur den größten Teil der Inselgruppe. Die Salomonen ([zaloˈmoːnən], amtlicher deutscher Name; engl. Solomon Islands, auch Salomoninseln) sind ein Inselstaat in der Südsee. Die Inselgruppe. Auf den Inseln Guadalcanal einschließlich der Hauptstadt Honiara und Malaita besteht die Gefahr von kriminellen Übergriffen und Diebstählen.
From until the end of , the Solomon Islands were the scene of several major land, sea and air battles between the Allies and the Japanese Empire 's armed forces.
In May the Japanese launched Operation Mo , occupying Tulagi and most of the western Solomon Islands, including Guadalcanal where they began work on an airstrip.
Coastwatchers from the Solomon Islands played a major role in providing intelligence and rescuing other Allied servicemen. Admiral William Halsey , the commander of Allied forces during the Battle for Guadalcanal, recognised the coastwatchers' contributions by stating "The coastwatchers saved Guadalcanal and Guadalcanal saved the South Pacific.
American Marines rest during the Guadalcanal Campaign. American forces landing at Rendova Island. The coastwatcher Jacob C. Vouza on Guadalcanal.
In —4 the Malaita-based chief Aliki Nono'ohimae had founded the Maasina Rule movement aka the Native Council Movement, literally 'Brotherhood Rule' , and was later joined by another chief, Hoasihau.
With decolonisation sweeping the colonial world, and Britain no longer willing or able to bear the financial burdens of the Empire, the colonial authorities sought to prepare the Solomons for self-governance.
Appointed Executive and Legislative Councils were established in , with a degree of elected Solomon Islander representation introduced in and then extended in Mamaloni made efforts to make the Solomons a republic, however these were unsuccessful.
Meanwhile, the country's financial situation continued to deteriorate, with much of the budget coming from the logging industry, often conducted at an unsustainable rate, not helped by Mamaloni's creation of a 'discretionary fund' for use by politicians, which fostered fraud and corruption.
On 5 June Ulufa'alu was kidnapped by the MEF who felt that, although he was a Malaitan, he was not doing enough to protect their interests.
Leslie Boseto. However, Sogavare's election was immediately shrouded in controversy because six MPs thought to be supporters of Boseto were unable to attend parliament for the crucial vote.
By early the economy had collapsed and the government was bankrupt. Law and order deteriorated as the nature of the conflict shifted: there was continuing violence on the Weathercoast, whilst militants in Honiara increasingly turned their attention to crime, extortion and banditry.
In December , Finance Minister Laurie Chan resigned after being forced at gunpoint to sign a cheque made out to some of the militants.
However allegations that Rini had used bribes from Chinese businessmen to buy the votes of members of Parliament led to mass rioting in the capital Honiara , concentrated on the city's Chinatown area.
A deep underlying resentment against the minority Chinese business community led to much of Chinatown in the city being destroyed. China sent chartered aircraft to evacuate hundreds of Chinese who fled to avoid the riots.
Rini eventually resigned before facing a motion of no-confidence in Parliament, and Parliament elected Manasseh Sogavare as Prime Minister. Sogavare struggled to assert his authority and was also hostile to the Australian presence in the country; after one failed attempt, he was removed in no confidence vote in and replaced by Derek Sikua of the Solomon Islands Liberal Party.
Solomon Islands is a constitutional monarchy and has a parliamentary system of government. There is a unicameral parliament of 50 members, elected for four-year terms.
However, Parliament may be dissolved by majority vote of its members before the completion of its term.
Parliamentary representation is based on single-member constituencies. Suffrage is universal for citizens over age Each ministry is headed by a cabinet member, who is assisted by a permanent secretary , a career public servant who directs the staff of the ministry.
Solomon Islands governments are characterised by weak political parties see List of political parties in Solomon Islands and highly unstable parliamentary coalitions.
They are subject to frequent votes of no confidence , leading to frequent changes in government leadership and cabinet appointments.
Land ownership is reserved for Solomon Islanders. The law provides that resident expatriates, such as the Chinese and Kiribati , may obtain citizenship through naturalisation.
Land generally is still held on a family or village basis and may be handed down from mother or father according to local custom. The islanders are reluctant to provide land for nontraditional economic undertakings, and this has resulted in continual disputes over land ownership.
No military forces are maintained by Solomon Islands although a police force of nearly includes a border protection unit. The police also are responsible for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance.
The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the governor-general and responsible to the prime minister. On 27 December , the Solomon Islands Government took steps to prevent the country's Australian police chief from returning to the Pacific nation.
On 12 January , Australia replaced its top diplomat expelled from Solomon Islands for political interference in a conciliatory move aimed at easing a four-month dispute between the two countries.
On 13 December , Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare was toppled by a vote of no confidence in Parliament,  following the defection of five ministers to the opposition.
It was the first time a prime minister had lost office in this way in Solomon Islands. The Governor General appoints the other justices with the advice of a judicial commission.
Until September , it was one of the few countries to recognise the Republic of China Taiwan and maintain formal diplomatic relations with the latter.
A peace accord on Bougainville removed the armed threat, and the two nations regularised border operations in a agreement.
In March , at the 34th regular session of the UN Human Rights Council, Vanuatu made a joint statement on behalf of Solomon Islands and some other Pacific nations raising human rights violations in the Western New Guinea , which has been occupied by Indonesia since ,  and requested that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights produce a report.
Although the locally recruited British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force was part of Allied Forces taking part in fighting in the Solomons during the Second World War, the country has not had any regular military forces since independence.
The police budget of Solomon Islands has been strained due to a four-year civil war. For local government, the country is divided into ten administrative areas, of which nine are provinces administered by elected provincial assemblies and the tenth is the capital Honiara, administered by the Honiara Town Council.
There are human rights concerns and issues in regards to education, water, sanitation, gender equality, and domestic violence.
Homosexuality is illegal in Solomon Islands. Bougainville is geographically part of the Solomon Islands archipelago but politically part of Papua New Guinea.
The islands' ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of June through August is the cooler period.
Though seasons are not pronounced, the northwesterly winds of November through April bring more frequent rainfall and occasional squalls or cyclones.
The Solomon Islands archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial ecoregions. Most of the islands are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion, which also includes the islands of Bougainville and Buka; these forests have come under pressure from forestry activities.
The Santa Cruz Islands are part of the Vanuatu rain forests ecoregion, together with the neighbouring archipelago of Vanuatu. Soil quality ranges from extremely rich volcanic there are volcanoes with varying degrees of activity on some of the larger islands to relatively infertile limestone.
More than varieties of orchids and other tropical flowers brighten the landscape. Mammals are scarce on the islands, with the only terrestrial mammals being bats and small rodents.
Birds and reptiles, however, are abundant. The islands contain several active and dormant volcanoes. The Tinakula and Kavachi volcanoes are the most active.
See also: Human rights in Solomon Islands. Scarcity of fresh water sources and lack of sanitation has been a constant challenge facing Solomon Islands.
Reducing the number of those living without access to fresh water and sanitation by half was one of the Millennium Development Goals MDG's implemented by the United Nations through Goal 7, to ensure environmental sustainability.
Nevertheless, one improvement is that those living with non-piped water has been decreasing consistently since In addition, the Solomon Islands Second Rural Development Program, enacted in and active until , has been working to deliver competent infrastructure and other vital services to rural areas and villages of the Solomon Islands,  which suffer the most from lack of safe drinking water and proper sanitation.
Through improved infrastructure, services and resources, the program has also encouraged farmers and other agricultural sectors, through community-driven efforts, to connect them to the market, thus promoting economic growth.
A tsunami followed killing at least 52 people, destroying more than homes and leaving thousands of people homeless. On 6 February , an earthquake with magnitude of 8.
At least nine people were killed and many houses demolished. The main quake was preceded by a sequence of earthquakes with a magnitude of up to 6.
Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. Only 3. Until , when world prices for tropical timber fell steeply, timber was Solomon Islands' main export product, and, in recent years, Solomon Islands forests were dangerously overexploited.
In the wake of the ethnic violence in June , exports of palm oil and gold ceased while exports of timber fell.
Recently, [ when? This practice was originally stopped by the government in after international uproar over a shipment of 28 live dolphins to Mexico.
The move resulted in criticism from both Australia and New Zealand as well as several conservation organisations.
Other important cash crops and exports include copra , cacao and palm oil. In 4, tons of cocoa beans were harvested making the Solomon Islands the 27th ranked producer of cocoa worldwide.
In , tons of palm oil were produced,making Solomon Islands the 24th ranked producer of palm oil worldwide.
For the local market but not for export many families grow taro 45, tons ,  rice 2, tons ,  yams 44, tons  and bananas tons.
In gold mining began at Gold Ridge on Guadalcanal. What makes this place extra special is the host of environmentally friendly activities available, including snorkelling with dugongs, spotting crocodiles, birdwatching and turtle-tagging.
A mere minute boat ride south of Gizo, this island has a brochure-esque appeal, with an expansive lagoon and a string of white-sand beaches.
It's now a renowned playground for divers, with a series of fabulous wrecks lying just offshore. Raiders Hotel , right on the waterfront no beach , features tip-top rooms and has a professional dive shop that caters mainly to certified divers no courses are offered.
Though lying just 14km north of Guadalcanal, Savo is another great escape. Imagine an active volcano with a pair of dormant craters, coconut groves, a narrow strip of grey-sand beach and a few hot springs that are accessible by foot.
The island also features a megapode field where hundreds of female birds lay their eggs in holes scratched into the hot sand.
If you're lucky, you'll also spot pods of dolphins just offshore. The South Pacific confounds even the savviest map buffs with its splatter of dots spread across the world's biggest ocean.
They became famous when they were noted by National Geographic for being the first men to find the shipwrecked John F.
Kennedy and his crew of the PT using a traditional dugout canoe. They suggested the idea of using a coconut to write a rescue message for delivery.
The coconut was later kept on Kennedy's desk. Their names had not been credited in most movie and historical accounts, and they were turned back before they could visit President Kennedy's inauguration, though the Australian coastwatcher would also meet the president.
They were visited by a member of the Kennedy family in , where they still lived in traditional huts without electricity. The impact of the war on islanders was profound.
The destruction caused by the fighting and the longer-term consequences of the introduction of modern materials, machinery and western cultural artifacts, transformed traditional isolated island ways of life.
The reconstruction was slow in the absence of war reparations and with the destruction of the pre-war plantations, formerly the mainstay of the economy.
Significantly, the Solomon Islanders' experience as labourers with the Allies led some to a new appreciation of the importance of economic organisation and trade as the basis for material advancement.
Some of these ideas were put into practice in the early post-war political movement " Maasina Ruru "—often redacted to "Marching Rule".
Stability was restored during the s, as the British colonial administration built a network of official local councils. On this platform Solomon Islanders with experience on the local councils started participation in central government, initially through the bureaucracy and then, from , through the newly established Legislative and Executive Councils.
The Protectorate did not possess a constitution of its own until In the s, British and Australian government officials contemplated transferring sovereignty of the Solomon Islands from the United Kingdom to Australia.
The Solomon Islands had close ties to Australia; it used the Australian pound , relied on Australian air and shipping services, employed many Australians as civil servants, and its businesses were dependent upon Australian capital.
Some Australian officials argued that the British had shown little interest in the development of the islands, while British officials believed Australia did not have sufficient trained staff to take over the administration.
However, there were informal discussions between officials in the Colonial Office and the Australian Department of Territories.
However, the Treasury Department was unenthused about the additional expenditure, and the Defence Department stated there was "no defence advantage in assuming responsibility" with the islands in British hands.
Cabinet rejected the proposal. The first national election was held in for the seat of Honiara, and by the first general election was held for all but one of the 15 representative seats on the Legislative Council the one exception was the Eastern Outer Islands constituency , which was again appointed by electoral college.
Elections were held again in and a new constitution was introduced. The constitution replaced the Legislative and Executive Councils with a single Governing Council.
It also established a 'committee system of government' where all members of the Council sat on one or more of five committees.
The aims of this system were to reduce divisions between elected representatives and the colonial bureaucracy and to provide opportunities for training new representatives in managing the responsibilities of government.
It was also claimed that this system was more consistent with the Melanesian style of government, however, this was quickly undermined by opposition to the constitution and the committee system by elected members of the council.
Hadisi Aengari. Michael Boso. Andrew Rarangia. Emmanuel Poila. Boni Pride. Allen Peter. Patrick Taroga. Raynick Laete. Tutizama Tanito. Alwin Hou.
Joses Nawo. Gagame Feni. Dennis Ifunaoa. Micah Lea'alafa. Benjamin Totori. Atkin Kaua. Jerry Donga.Rini eventually resigned before facing a motion of no-confidence in Parliament, and Parliament elected Manasseh Sogavare as Prime Minister. The risk from terrorism is low. Independence was obtained, Phase 10 Würfelspiel Kaufen the name changed to just Tipp Schweden Irland Islands" without the definite articlein To create a successful global mobility Geister Geister Schatzsuchmeister, you will need to ensure that:. Alwin Hou Alwin Hou. In the wake of the ethnic violence in Juneexports of palm oil and gold ceased while exports of Salomon-Inseln fell. Although the locally recruited British Solomon Islands Btty Defence Force was part of Allied Forces Salomon-Inseln part in fighting in the Solomons during the Second World War, the country has not had any regular military forces since independence. Mataniko Falls Solomon Islands Waterfall. Read More. The most important bus stop is in front of the Central Market. Canadians in the Solomon Islands should exercise caution, monitor local developments, avoid large crowds and demonstrations, Dimension Spiel register and maintain close contact with the Australian High Commission in Honiara. Other important cash crops and exports include copracacao and palm oil. Retrieved 28 September The response of the colonial officials was to engage in punitive raids against the villages that were either known to have been involved in the violence, or were suspect to have Tipico Bonus Umsetzen involved. Retrieved 3 September John Ambulence service.